Moses: the Plagues, the Passover, and the Crossing of the Red Sea

Moses: the Plagues, the Passover, and the Crossing of the Red Sea


Exodus 5–14



The Israelites were slaves in Egypt. God planned to use Moses to rescue them. So Moses and his brother told Pharaoh, “Let My people go.” Pharaoh responded, “Israel may not go!” So God sent a set of plagues to punish the Egyptians. God turned the water in the Nile River into blood and sent frogs into Egypt. Pharaoh refused to let the people go. God sent gnats and flies. But Pharaoh did  not let the people go. God caused all the livestock to die, and He sent boils. But Pharaoh’s heart was hard. God sent a terrible hailstorm to Egypt. He sent locusts. Pharaoh refused to let the Israelites go. So God sent darkness to cover the land. But Pharaoh said no. Moses warned Pharaoh. God would go through Egypt. Every firstborn male would die, but the Israelites would be safe. Pharaoh ignored Moses. God told every Israelite family to kill a lamb and sprinkle its blood on the doorposts of their houses. This would be a special mark that God would see and “pass over.” No one in the Israelites’ families would die.


At midnight, God struck every firstborn in the land of Egypt. Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron. “Go!” he said. The Israelites quickly left Egypt. Pharaoh and his officials came after the Israelites and caught up with them near the sea. God told Moses to stretch out his hand and divide the sea so that the Israelites could go through on dry ground. The Israelites walked through with walls of water on both sides. Moses stretched out his hand again and the waters returned. None of the Pharaoh’s army members survived.


Christ Connection: At Passover, God spared the Israelites from judgment by requiring the blood of a lamb. Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt, and God provided a way for them to escape through the Red Sea. The Bible says that Jesus is greater than Moses. (Hebrews 3:3) Jesus is the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world. People who trust in Jesus escape the penalty of sin and have eternal life.


Taken from