Short Guitar History - Question Page due Tues. Feb. 28

SHORT GUITAR HISTORY

Watch the following short history of the guitar at

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lH-r_CqtZnU (also posted in your musdig Guitar folder) and answer the following questions.

To be submitted on Tuesday, February 28th in class.

5% deduction for submission 1 day late.

10% deduction for submission 2 days late.

Mark of 0% on third day.

 

The Guitar’s history dates back over _____________ years.

Guitar Roots are in the:

Greek _____________

Iranian Tar and the

Arabic _____________

 

Ancient Sanskrit word is _____________.

When paired with prefix describing the number of strings:

The _____________  is from Turkistan and it has _____________  strings.

The Setar is from _____________  with _____________  strings.

The Qithara from Greece has _____________  strings.

The Afghan _____________ has _____________ strings.

(The Azerbaijani tar has 11 strings!)

 

What is a “bow-harp”? Where is it from?

________________________________________________

________________________________________________

________________________________________________

________________________________________________

 

What is a “tanbur” and where is it from? When does this guitar date back to?

________________________________________________

________________________________________________

________________________________________________

________________________________________________

 

The modern guitar has its roots in _____________  during the _____________.

 

This guitar had four courses (or pairs) of strings with each pair tuned to _____________. The body was narrower than the modern guitar. Guitars with five or six _____________ followed until the late ___________.   The first guitar with _____________  single strings made its appearance in the late _____________.

 

Antonio _____________  created the classical guitar during the ___________.

He pioneered a _____________ bracing under the _____________.

This allowed Torres to increase the body _____________  of the guitar, decrease the _____________ of the wood, which changed _____________, _____________, and _____________.  This elevated the status of the guitar to a leading role in _____________  composition.

 

While Torres made the classical guitar in Spain, Christian _____________  was pioneering the_____________ pattern making the _____________  guitar.

This guitar used steel _____________  instead of the classical gut strings (today nylon). If you put steel strings on a classical fan-braced guitar it will pull the instrument apart because of the increased _____________. The steel guitar becomes a common guitar in the _____________  as _________ and _____________ music became more widespread.